Each inhabitant of the planet knows that drugs cause irreparable harm to the body. This is a real poison to humans. Drugs help a person feel a surge of strength, energy, vitality, they cause euphoria and bliss. In all corners of the planet statistics was collected, which was not comforting. The sharp demand and popularity of the drugs appeared in midth century. Most drugs were distributed in America.
It is in this country that the use of marijuana began. Subsequently, this drug started to appear in other countries and continents of the world. Since then cannabis gained the name of the "soft drug".
But, as you understand this is not true. Ask the essay writer and get more information about it. The harm of drugs is known to all without exception, and, despite this, people still continue to use them. Cannabis, cocaine, LSD, heroin, ecstasy, methadone are the most famous and popular drugs worldwide.
There are, of course, a lot of other types of drugs, but these are the most common. Narcotic abuse is very detrimental to all the parts and systems of the organism. The liver, brain, kidneys, heart, and the reproductive system are the first to suffer. Doctors established the fact that the average life duration of a drug addict who uses drugs via the intravenous route is 6 - 8 years.
The liver of such drug-dependent people cannot bear the strain. In the majority of instances, drug users have a liver disease, cirrhosis precisely. On top, a strong burden is placed on the heart.
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The harm very much depends on the type of narcotic which is taken, the frequency of its use, in what way it is used, at what age its use began and in what doses such drug substance enters the body. Very often, drug users die in an accident. Of course, this happens in a state of narcotic intoxication. Some, under the influence of drugs end their lives by suicide, some die in the result of an overdose.
In the life of a drug addict there is almost no other goal than searching for another dose of a drug. So why do people start using drugs? We will try to find out the answer in this essay about drugs.
A common cause of the beginning of the drug use is a desire to try something new, feel some new experience. Often the reason for the use is the fact that people want to relieve stress and get away from the unexciting everyday life. After receiving the so-called "rush", there comes a sense of apathy, depression, hopelessness. To avoid these depressive states, the person has a desire to use drugs again. With each new dose this desire increases and as a consequence addiction develops. When there is no next dose, there is a withdrawal syndrome.
Depending on how often the drug is used, the state of withdrawal is compounded each time. In this essay on drugs we would also like to pay attention to such a state, as a withdrawal disease , as very often it is the main reason why drug addicts seek help. In fact, this state of the human body is very scary and dangerous. Because of this, a person may die. You can order a paper about it from our best essay writing service. A drug addict is constantly pursued by the idea, where to get the next dose of the drug. This desire sharply manifests itself when the effect of the drug on the body ends.
This condition is characterized by the nervous trembling, and cold sweat. Often, the state of withdrawal is accompanied by cramps, numbness of limbs, diarrhea, nausea occurs, pain in the joints and muscles appears. In addition, headaches and dizziness begin, insomnia appears. Such unstable manifestations of mental condition can make a person uncontrollably savage, and provoke attacks of aggression.
You can buy essay papers about it on our website. The duration of withdrawal may be from a few days to several months. It depends on the type of the drug used, as well as the vulnerability of the organism. The duration of this condition is also affected by the duration of addiction. Severe anxiety and depression are commonly induced by sustained alcohol abuse, which in most cases abates with prolonged abstinence. Even sustained moderate alcohol use may increase anxiety and depression levels in some individuals. In most cases these drug induced psychiatric disorders fade away with prolonged abstinence.
Impulsivity is characterized by actions based on sudden desires, whims, or inclinations rather than careful thought. Some recommendations for screening tools for substance misuse in pregnancy include that they take less than 10 minutes, should be used routinely, include an educational component. Tools suitable for pregnant women include i.
Given that addiction manifests in structural changes to the brain, it is possible that non-invasive neuroimaging scans obtained via MRI could be used to help diagnose addiction in the future. From the applied behavior analysis literature, behavioral psychology , and from randomized clinical trials , several evidenced based interventions have emerged: behavioral marital therapy , motivational Interviewing , community reinforcement approach , exposure therapy , contingency management   They help suppress cravings and mental anxiety, improve focus on treatment and new learning behavioral skills, ease withdrawal symptoms and reduce the chances of relapse.
In children and adolescents, cognitive behavioral therapy CBT  and family therapy  currently has the most research evidence for the treatment of substance abuse problems. Well-established studies also include ecological family-based treatment and group CBT.
Essay on Drug Abuse: Harm and Consequences of Drug Use
Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are one of the most widely known self-help organizations in which members support each other not to use alcohol. A number of medications have been approved for the treatment of substance abuse. Several other medications, often ones originally used in other contexts, have also been shown to be effective including bupropion and modafinil.
Methadone and buprenorphine are sometimes used to treat opiate addiction. Antipsychotic medications have not been found to be useful. It is common for individuals with drugs use disorder to have other psychological problems. Individuals who have a comorbid psychological disorder often have a poor prognosis if either disorder is untreated. However, since the s, there has been a push towards integrating mental health and addiction treatment.
In this method, neither condition is considered primary and both are treated simultaneously by the same provider.
The initiation of drug use including alcohol is most likely to occur during adolescence, and some experimentation with substances by older adolescents is common. For example, results from Monitoring the Future survey, a nationwide study on rates of substance use in the United States, show that Studies have shown that the large majority of adolescents will phase out of drug use before it becomes problematic.
More than 70, Americans died from drug overdoses in Drug use is higher in countries with high economic inequality. Total yearly U. US yearly overdose deaths, and the drugs involved. In , the American Psychiatric Association created a definition that used legality, social acceptability, and cultural familiarity as qualifying factors:. In , the American Medical Association 's Committee on Alcoholism and Addiction defined abuse of stimulants amphetamines, primarily in terms of 'medical supervision':. It is an eclectic concept having only one uniform connotation: societal disapproval.
The Commission believes that the term drug abuse must be deleted from official pronouncements and public policy dialogue. The term has no functional utility and has become no more than an arbitrary codeword for that drug use which is presently considered wrong. The first edition of the American Psychiatric Association 's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published in grouped alcohol and other drug abuse under Sociopathic Personality Disturbances, which were thought to be symptoms of deeper psychological disorders or moral weakness.
The definition of dependence emphasised tolerance to drugs, and withdrawal from them as key components to diagnosis, whereas abuse was defined as "problematic use with social or occupational impairment" but without withdrawal or tolerance. In , the DSM-III R category "psychoactive substance abuse," which includes former concepts of drug abuse is defined as "a maladaptive pattern of use indicated by It was the first definition to give equal weight to behavioural and physiological factors in diagnosis.
By , the DSM-IV defines substance dependence as "a syndrome involving compulsive use, with or without tolerance and withdrawal"; whereas substance abuse is "problematic use without compulsive use, significant tolerance, or withdrawal. By , The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM issued by the American Psychiatric Association , the DSM-IV-TR, defines substance dependence as "when an individual persists in use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence may be diagnosed.
In the DSM-IV era, abuse was seen as an early form or less hazardous form of the disease characterized with the dependence criteria.
However, the APA's 'dependence' term, as noted above, does not mean that physiologic dependence is present but rather means that a disease state is present, one that most would likely refer to as an addicted state. Many involved recognize that the terminology has often led to confusion, both within the medical community and with the general public.
The American Psychiatric Association requested input as to how the terminology of this illness should be altered as it moves forward with DSM-5 discussion.
While substance abuse and dependence were either present or not, substance use disorder has three levels of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Most governments have designed legislation to criminalize certain types of drug use. These drugs are often called "illegal drugs" but generally what is illegal is their unlicensed production, distribution, and possession. These drugs are also called "controlled substances".
Even for simple possession, legal punishment can be quite severe including the death penalty in some countries. Laws vary across countries, and even within them, and have fluctuated widely throughout history. Attempts by government-sponsored drug control policy to interdict drug supply and eliminate drug abuse have been largely unsuccessful.
In spite of the huge efforts by the U. Despite drug legislation or perhaps because of it , large, organized criminal drug cartels operate worldwide. Advocates of decriminalization argue that drug prohibition makes drug dealing a lucrative business, leading to much of the associated criminal activity.
Policymakers try to understand the relative costs of drug-related interventions. An appropriate drug policy relies on the assessment of drug-related public expenditure based on a classification system where costs are properly identified.